Passive defense


Passive defense” refers to the protection of civilian populations in the event of armed conflict, particularly against air attacks (reduced lighting, construction of shelters, distribution of gas masks, etc.).

You will find here a selection of documents on the theme of Passive Defense, sourced from our archives :


Construction d’abris rue Saint-Lazare et rue de Londres (1938-1939)


This budget regularization request illustrates one of the many aspects of the organization of passive defense at SNCF since 1938: the acquisition of gas masks to protect employees who are required to remain at their posts in the event of a conflict.


Official documentation on Civil Defense: instructions, notices, and notes written by the Civil Defense Directorate within the Ministry of Defense (1939).


Calvados Detachment – Organization and instructions in case of alert and/or fire: service note, in Trouville (1939).


Air Raid Precautions Handbook, Special Edition SNCF: What to Fear? What to Prepare? What to Do?


Protection of Shelters Against Gas, Makeshift Devices: Standard Sketches (1939)


Document on the Transmission of Alert Messages (1940)

This letter from the General Directorate of Works in Paris to the Equipment and Traction Service of the East Region provides instructions on the method of transmitting alert messages.


This notice calls for the evacuation of children in the context of Allied bombings (1944)

This document mentions the mandatory immediate evacuation notice for children up to 14 years old within a radius of 500 meters around the railway sorting yard where a large majority of railway workers reside, in the municipalities of Vaires, Chelles, and Brou.